Fraktur

A black-letter typeface created in 1517 that was the most common typeface in Germany right up to the 20th century. Fraktur was also widespread at times in countries neighboring Germany to the east and southeast. Its name (Latin for broken) is based on the broken strokes in which it was originally written by hand. Precursors to Fraktur are considered to be the Gothic typeface, which Johannes Gutenberg used to typeset his 42-line bible of 1455, and the Schwabacher typeface, which has been used since roughly 1570 and in which the first Lutheran bibles were printed.

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