Dragons Blood

Original name for the resin of the liana-like rattan palm Daemonorops draco which comes from the island of Socotra off the coast of Somalia. Today, similar resins from different types of dragon-tree including Dracaena draco from the Canary Islands and Dracaena cinnabari from Socotra and some varieties of Bombay laurel are also known by this name. The most important colorant in dragons blood resins is dracorubin which makes up less than one percent of the resin. Dragons blood has been known since ancient times and was primarily used in book illustration in the early Middle Ages. It was used later for manufacturing coatings and varnishes, as a red pigment in photography and in printing as a base for zinc etching. It also has medicinal uses.

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